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Biodiversity Protection

Embracing respect for biodiversity in our operations

We are committed to mitigating the potential impacts on biodiversity and the resources it provides us during the planning and development of our projects and operations.

We are guided by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in our operations and our actions are aimed at:

  • Preventing and minimizing impacts, as well as restoring the area where we operate, specially in biologically diverse, protected, and sensitive natural areas.
  • Integrating biodiversity and the protection of ecosystem services in our company's management systems and decision-making processes, including environmental and social assessments.
  • Taking part in projects dedicated to research, preservation, education, and raising awareness.
  • Reporting on biodiversity and collaborating with communities and other stakeholders: public administrations, local communities, and social organizations.

Developing action plans adapted to each area's biodiversity


Monitoring our operations with satellite images

We manage biodiversity throughout the life cycle of our operations in the Caipipendi area and incorporate biodiversity criteria early on in the design phase. Through an environmental impact assessment, sensitivity mapping, and historical monitoring of the area through satellite images, we were able to identify our impacts and mitigate them.

Developing initiatives to protect marine biodiversity

We support projects and institutions that work on the recovery, protection, and preservation of marine life through research, education, and cultural initiatives. We are sponsors of the Rio de Janeiro aquarium and take part in scientific research (AquaRio) as well as in 10 projects launched in 2016 by the SOS Mata Atlantica Foundation (Costa Atlantiva Program).

Conducting biodiversity reviews

We applied he Ecosystem Services Review (ESR) methodology to the offshore region in the north of Colombia, where a review was conducted in an exploration block in collaboration with the NGO Flora and Fauna International. We work with the Marine and Coastal Research Institute to characterize the biodiversity of our assets' entire area of influence and participate in carrying out ecosystem reviews along with the Directorate of Marine Affairs, Coastal, and Aquatic Resources.

Adopting measures to reduce the degradation of habitats and biodiversity loss

In Block 16's area of influence, we built artificial canopy bridges connecting the top of the giant trees in the area by creating biotic corridors that make it easier for wildlife to move around in the Yasuni National Park's rain forest. Moreover, we identify, assess, recover, and monitor deforested areas in Blocks 16 and 67 (Tivacuno) to minimize deforestation risk and structure the restoration.
Vista de una montaña con su cumbre nevada

Identifying opportunities in biodiversity

We developed an offshore R&D&I project to improve our understanding of underwater acoustics, and we have also produced a best practices guide for monitoring benthic habitats. In Tarragona, we have continued working on the measures outlined in the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) of the Gaià dam area. With this BAP, we have identified opportunities in biodiversity, existing problems, and the necessary actions to be taken.
Vista de estructuras del fondo marino

Involving the local community

We carried out an assessment of the sensitive areas to identify coral populations and created a seasonal distribution map for fish, birds, and sea mammals. This project involved local stakeholders in defining the spill prevention strategy.
Un empleado de Repsol habla a través de un walkie

Managing biodiversity throughout the life cycle of our projects

During the construction of the Sagari project, we identified sensitive areas and implemented various measures, such as building canopy bridges and relocating plants, to mitigate our impact on biodiversity. In Block 57, the pipeline was revegetated as part of our asset abandonment plan.
Vista de una gran cantidad de árboles de un bosque

Protecting wildlife

Our biodiversity management focuses on the diversity of the wildlife found in the area and the local ecosystems, and we reach out for support from community members to protect wildlife and the different existing habitats.

Partnering with experts to improve our understanding of habitats

We take part in research, preservation, and education projects along with a range of universities and international organizations with the aim to identify potential impacts on biodiversity. In conjunction with the Smithsonian Institute, we developed a study to identify the indicator species of the main habitats on the planet.

The Sagari book of best practices

For over 20 years, our Company has been performing exploratory activities in the main Amazon basins of Peru through responsible management in terms of care for biodiversity based on the principle of impact mitigation hierarchy.

The experience shown, our positive results, and our best practices in responsible biodiversity management in the Sagari project, located in block 57, in the Cusco jungle, are detailed in this book: “Sagari: Protecting our Biodiversity, Building the Future.”

This book includes guidelines, procedures, and actions that are part of the impact mitigation hierarchy, with the aim of avoiding, mitigating, and restoring potential impacts on the biodiversity of the flora and fauna in the megadiverse indigenous communities of Porotobango, Kitepampani, and Nuevo Mundo.

Our biodiversity management

The application of the mitigation hierarchy of potential impacts on biodiversity is essential to us. We were the first oil and gas company to apply the “Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (BES) Management Ladder" methodology by the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues (ipieca), of which we are members.

We also played a role in defining this framework, and it enables us to assess the current situation of our assets and exploration and production projects underway, and to identify the next steps that need to be taken. It focuses on six interrelated management practices:

In order to implement these practices, we have our own environmental management internal regulations, which include Environmental, Social, and Health Impact Assessments (ESHIA). These assessments ensure that all potential impacts are identified as early as possible in the life cycle of a project, so that they're taken into account in the project's own design with the aim to prevent and mitigate its effects.

We identify and assess direct and indirect impacts on the environment:

  • Direct: wildlife disturbance , habitat fragmentation, changes in landscape and water sources, soil and water pollution.
  • Indirect: impacts linked to the opening of access roads in remote areas, the accidental introduction of invasive species, or changes in the local socio-economic structure.

Our regulation concludes that ESHIAs must be performed for all new operations or facilities whether or not it is required by local law in force. Among other aspects, this regulation provides for the obligation to determine sensitivity of the operations' area of influence and to assess on a project-by-project basis whether to carry out the operations or not in sensitive areas.

Best practices

The best way to show our commitment to human rights is by sharing real stories about the actions we have taken.